Discoverers called them “One Thousand Soldiers”. This name is still used. They are wordlwide renowned because nobody has understood how these tiny concretions were formed. The scientific mystery is total.
Nothing equivalent elsewhere can be compared to this cave.
Those who have seen the “One Thousand Soldiers” will always remember this silent army revealed by spotlights of the dark cave.
No assumptions made to date are satisfactory as far as scientific explanations or verifications are concerned.The first explorers believed that they were stalagmites, but nothing descends from the roof.
Scholars and experts thought they were upturned stalactites resulting from the rise in the water level through the clay layer of the gours. Let’s remind the strange upturned stalactites of La Macocha, in Czechoslovakia.
But here, there is no central canal to supply water to the concretion, and the presence of the water is more than hypothetical according to surveys. Biologists and bacteriologists are introducing populations of microbes or lower funguses, etc., but the same combinations exist for kilometres of galleries in the caves without obstructing the gours by these strange concretions.
One thing is certain – the concretions are developing, and this development appears under the microscope when examining the skin of concretions. As a matter of fact, this is demonstrated thanks to the freshness of microcrystallites of the surface and their presence on the edges of recent gours developing on the filling of the gallery, and even on small stones that have more recently fallen from the roofs.